Urban street patterns

The structure of an urban area can be studied from above by looking at the

patterns formed by the streets of the urban area. The layout or arrangement of the roads is called the street pattern.

In this section we focus on four street patterns:

Four Street Patterns  Radial street pattern Planned irregular street pattern Unplanned irregular street pattern

Urban land use zones

The structure of an urban area can be studied by looking at the different land use zones in a city. A land use zone is an area which has features that define its function.

For example, a residential area is made up of houses or flats, recreational areas, schools and shops. These features tell us

that people live in the area.

Another example is an industrial area, which is made up of many large buildings (factories), major transport routes and few open or green areas.


An example of a Street Patterns